How Should You Prepare a Medical Lab Space

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How to prepare medical lab space

In a hospital setup, the laboratory is one of the most important parts. It thus should be well taken care of by ensuring everything is in the right position all the time whether the lab is in use or not. Being the point where most tests will be carried out, it is expected to be a busy place. When there is a contamination of the lab equipment’s used for experiments and tests, there is likely to be incorrect results, and that can be dangerous. Besides, the maintenance of the laboratory equipment is vital even as it is one of the most expensive budgets in a hospital set up. In that respect, the information below seeks to explore the various tips on setting up and maintaining not only the lab space but also lab equipment.

The role of lab technicians

Before poring over the various ways to prepare the lab space, it is imperative to go over the roles of a lab technician. Laboratory technicians are found in a variety of settings including pharmaceutical industries, schools, and also medical industries. The tasks that a lab technician does and how they will prepare the lab space majorly depends on what is to be done in the laboratory. A medical laboratory technician mostly receives recording and also conducting tests on specimens and samples. Besides, they work with the lab chemicals and ensure that the chemicals are properly stored and handled. Furthermore, their duties revolve around cleaning and maintaining the laboratory equipment. The medical lab technicians play a critical role in the health sector as they assist the doctors and other medical personnel in the diagnosis and detection of an array of diseases including diabetes and the infectious diseases.

Preparing the medical space

You need to be keen with the following details when preparing your lab space:

Keeping the space sterile

Preparing the lab for various activities involve performing a variety of actions that is aimed at ensuring the lab becomes safe for use. A lab that is not organized can lead to cross-contamination and thereby produce inaccurate and wrong results. The lab must, therefore, be kept sterile at all times.

Cleaning the laboratory glassware

It is essential to have clean and sterile glassware in the lab since contaminations can lead to erroneous results. Before tests are taken and liquid measured, see to it that the glass is clear of any unwanted contamination. You may need to take the following into account to ensure everything is clean and sterile
  • For equipment made of glass, use the detergents meant for glassware such as liquinox and alconox.
  • For desks and worktops, ensure that they are clean all the time. Cleaning the equipment ensures the cluster is eliminated and therefore the work will be more efficient. By doing this, you will not have too much work to do at the end of the day when you finish using the lab. As well, doing this ensures that the specimen is clean and contamination is kept at bay.
  • Remove dust and other remnants. Make sure all shelves are clean and as well as the fridges and cabinets. It is also imperative to clean air conditioning equipment since it is the primary cause of contamination of samples and equipment. If not properly cleaned, it is possible for them to contain germs and bacteria.
While it is not so painstaking to prepare and set up a lab space, it must be done with a lot of care and understanding of the space itself or otherwise you would not be doing the right thing.


Can Antiviral Drugs Protect You From the Flu?

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Influenza or flu is one of the many diseases that can strike anyone. This is why it is not enough just to be healthy. Although eating nutritious foods may help us boost our immune system to prevent us from being sick, the flu doesn’t choose a particular victim. Herbs and natural medicines can also be used to protect you from the flu. Many people resort to alternative medicines because there are no side effects and a cheap alternative. However, there is still no guarantee that they can stop the flu all the time. For consistent protection against the flu, doctors may recommend antiviral drugs.

What Are Antiviral Drugs?

Antiviral drugs are medicines that are prescribed by doctors. These medicines can be in the form of intravenous fluid, liquid syrup, inhaler, or pills. On the other hand, not all antiviral pills must be prescribed by doctors. In some countries, pills such as paracetamol and ibuprofen can be bought over-the-counter. If the flu is severe, over-the-counter drugs will not suffice. Take note that antibiotics are not antivirals. They are antibacterials, so they cannot cure the flu virus unless your flu has caused infections in some areas of your body.

What to Do If You Think You Have a Flu?

If you already had a flu in the past, you can easily detect whether or not you have a flu now. If not, you should watch out for its common symptoms. Some symptoms of the flu are:
  • Fatigue
  • Chills
  • Headache
  • Body aches
  • Runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Cough
  • Fever

Should You Get a Flu Vaccine?

The safest way to get rid of the flu is to get a flu vaccine. Antiviral drugs are only used when you already suffer from the flu, but the current flu vaccine can protect you from the flu virus all year round. Nevertheless, antiviral drugs are your second line of defense.

Benefits of Antiviral Drugs

Antiviral drugs can reduce your flu symptoms and the length of your illness. In just around two days, you may feel well. Furthermore, antiviral drugs can help you get rid of other serious flu complications such as pneumonia. For patients who already suffer from other diseases, antiviral drugs provide fast relief.

Side Effects of Antiviral Drugs

It is common for all medicines to have side effects, especially when used for a long period of time. Antiviral drugs also have some side effects. Nonetheless, these side effects are normal and not serious. Some side effects of antiviral drugs are:
  • Headache
  • Diarrhea
  • Cough
  • Runny nose
  • Dizziness
  • Vomiting
  • Nausea
It may look ironic that the side effects of antiviral drugs are the symptoms they cure and eliminate, but all symptoms and side effects do not take place at the same time. For instance, you may have symptoms such as headaches, but you may suffer from a side effect such as dizziness for a moment before the symptom is treated.

How Effective Are Antiviral Drugs?

Antiviral drugs have not only been tested in laboratories. They have also been used by many flu patients for a long time, and are proven effective. Therefore, antiviral drugs can protect you from the flu.


There is nothing wrong in taking antiviral drugs as long as your doctor agrees with it. While you are doing all you can to make yourself healthy all the time, it is best to consult your doctor regularly. Flu is a sickness that everybody should not take for granted. Keep in mind that every sickness can be fatal if not treated properly.  

Multiple Sclerosis vs Flu Shot

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Multiple Sclerosis vs. Flu Shot

The flu shot or influenza vaccine is an inactivated vaccine that is usually given with a needle in the arm muscle. The flu vaccine itself is changed annually and typically, contains three to four strains of the influenza virus. Based on best guesses and studies, researchers have used these strains to determine how useful they will be in offering the most defenses for a particular year.

Who should get the flu shot?

Every person aged above six months should get the seasonal flu vaccine according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Scientists have studied the administration of the flu vaccine at length in humans and have considered it safe. These studies have been found to be true irrespective of the MS disease-modifying therapy you might be taking. Therefore, if you are taking Lemtrada, you should receive the flu shot six weeks before undergoing your Lemtrada infusion. The flu shot has also not been found to trigger Multiple Sclerosis relapses, something that is typically a great concern for most people. Important to note, however, is that if you have Multiple Sclerosis, you should not get the flu vaccine that is a nasal spray (FluMist). The nasal spray is also referred to as “live attenuated influenza vaccine” (LAIV). LAIV is a live virus vaccine that could be harmful to people with Multiple Sclerosis, particularly those taking an immunosuppressant drug. Nonetheless, it is not clear whether it is safe for people living in your home to receive the live virus flu vaccine. It’s, therefore, advisable for you schedule a consultation with your neurologist if you find yourself in this situation. Fluzone High-Dose is also not recommended for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis although it’s available for people aged above 65. The main reason why it isn’t recommended is that the vaccine hasn’t been studied yet in people with Multiple Sclerosis.

Special considerations for MS patients

According to The National MS Society, MS patients willing to receive the flu shot should consider the following;
  • Inactivated vaccines are deemed as safe for people taking fingolimod (Gilenya), mitoxantrone (Novantrone), glatiramer acetate (Copaxone) or an interferon medication.
  • Individuals who just got immune globulin preparation within the past three months may not receive the full effect of a vaccine since studies have shown they demonstrate an effective immune response to seasonal influenza vaccination.
  • Individuals on therapies that are immunosuppressants like methotrexate (Trexall), azathioprine (Imuran), and mitoxantrone (Novantrone) or even chronic corticosteroid therapy should consult a neurologist before receiving an alive-virus vaccine.

When not to receive the flu shot in Multiple Sclerosis

It’s advisable to hold off on getting the flu shot if you experience a massive MS relapse that affects your daily functioning. Doctors recommend keeping off the vaccine for as long as 4-6 weeks after the relapse kicks off. The reason for this is that the minor side effects of the flu shot (such as fever) could make the relapse worst. If you are also getting Solu-Medrol at the time, there’s great possibility that it could lessen the effectiveness of the flu shot. Vaccines require some immune response so as to work.

Important to note on Flu shot

You should receive a flu shot if you have Multiple Sclerosis except for times you experience a relapse, in which case you should delay it. Flu Shot is safe for individuals with Multiple Sclerosis and can prevent more relapses. Moreover, it’s safer for you to prevent the flu as it could worsen the situation if you contract it.

Difference Between Stomach Flu and Stomach Virus

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There are a few myths that go around during the flu season from people who think they have the flu.
  • The flu is the flu no matter what name they use
  • The flu is no different from year to year
  • The flu affects the stomach and intestines
During the flu season, the word ‘flu’ is used too loosely when some signs and symptoms appear that you think are related to the flu. These symptoms can be mild to severe. No one’s body is alike, and you react to illness and medicine differently than anyone else. You may experience in varying degrees, diarrhea, abdominal cramping, headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, and chills.

The question remains, “Do you have the flu?”

Whatever you have seems affecting your stomach and intestinal track. Every year there is an onslaught of these same symptoms of which you may say, “I have the flu.” The one big difference is that the flu is a virus that attacks the lungs not the stomach and if symptoms persist your doctor may order an antibiotic. An antibiotic does not help you if you have the true flu. These two illnesses mimic each other to some degree and every year the ‘stomach flu’ is mistaken for the flu.

Stomach Flu

If the symptoms targeting your stomach or intestines last for more than four days, you need to consult with your doctor. Your doctor may tell you; you have gastroenteritis or an inflammation of the stomach and intestinal track. These symptoms caused by a bacteria may also last three to four days. Causes can range from a bacteria, virus, parasite, contaminated water, dairy foods, poor hygiene, or food poisoning.
  • Drink plenty of fluids; coffee does not count to eliminate any dehydration that can put you in the hospital
  • Get plenty of rest
  • Take a fever reducer if fever and achy pains are present
  • Your doctor may prescribe an antibiotic
  • Do not share any food or drinks
  • Keep home
  • Wash your hands frequently

Seasonal Flu

Flu symptoms can be mild to severe and attack the lungs and respiratory track, not the stomach and intestines. The actual flu is dangerous. If you have some or all of the following symptoms, you may have a real case of the ‘flu,’ such as, Mild to intense body aches is one symptom. Have you ever heard someone say, “My body hurts so bad, even my hair hurts.”
  • Muscle aches
  • Fatigue
  • Cough
  • Shortness of breath
  • Chest congestion
  • Sensitivity to light
  • Pounding headache
  • Fever and chills
The best thing you can do is,
  • Go to bed and rest
  • Drink plenty of water
  • Take NSAIDS for body aches, headache, and fever
  • Stay home so you do not spread the virus
  • If no better in three to four days see your doctor
People who are at a higher risk for contracting seasonal flu are,
  • Young children
  • Seniors
  • Individuals with a depressed immunity as seen in a few of the following.
  1. Cancer
  2. Kidney failure
  3. Congestive heart failure
  4. COPD
  5. Asthma
  6. HIV
  7. AIDS
The virus causing yearly flu outbreaks change every season. The virus that circulated the populace last year is not the same virus circulating the populace the following year. The CDC identifies the current virus and uses this ‘dead’ virus in addition to three or four viruses from recent years to develop the following year’s flu vaccine. The best thing you can do to combat the actual flu is to get a flu vaccine late summer early fall. A flu vaccine does not keep you from getting the flu, but it does significantly lessen your flu symptoms if you get the flu.

Overview: TOSOH immunoassay platforms

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The primary purpose of the automated immunoassay analyzers is to serve the laboratories now and in the future. They are flexible, advanced and compatible with open laboratory automation systems. Tosoh products generate accurate and reliable results, which enhances growth and success. Tosoh is a combination of authentic instruments and exclusive reagents. Therefore, the products produce high quality, precise and accurate clinical diagnostics. AIA and AIA-CL are the two series immunoassays and tools. They both have dedicated assay reagents. AIA instruments use fluorescence kinetics to detect responses. The one cup one test principle is the core. One cup contains all the materials needed for the reaction. Here are some of the Tosoh immunoassay Analyzers;


The technology is based on single test cups each cup contains lyophilized and ready to use reagents. The packs use fluorescent kinetics to measure. The entire process takes place in the test cup that is; sample pipetting, reaction of the antibody and the detection of the signal


  • High assay sensitivity
  • Long shelf life
  • Calibration stability
  • Easy to use
  • Saves time and money
  • 1cup=1 test
  • Cup format that curbs wastage
  • Long permanence of reagents and sub reagents
  • Up to 90 days calibration stability
  • Risk of contamination controlled since there is no transfer of reagents
  • High analytical all assays
  • Functional sensitivity for all assays
  • Proper labeling of all test cups and trays.

Bench top Immunoassay Analyzer

Bench top Immunoassay Analyzer is also referred to as the AIA-360’S. It is suitable for POLs and small hospitals due to its size and affordability. It can additionally be applied as a backup analyzer and specialty tester.


  • AIA-PACK principle
  • Positive classification of samples and reagents
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection
  • Sample level sensing

Operational Simplicity

  • Less than 10 minutes start-up.
  • Limited maintenance.
  • Simple to operate.
  • Place the samples, the AIA-PACKs and press START.


  • One system can be used in the entire AIA franchise.
  • Combined features.

AIA-900 Analyzer

The device has three configurations which allow the practitioners to choose the ideal fit for the laboratory workload. It is the latest Immunoassay analyzer among the Tosohs.


  • AIA-PACK principle.
  • Identification of samples and reagents.
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection.
  • Sample level sensing

Operational Simplicity

  • It starts up in less than 6 minutes.
  • Limited maintenance.


  • Three different configurations.
  • One reagent system can be used across the whole AIA franchise.

AIA-2000 Analyzer

It uses the AIA-Pack format just like the other Tosoh analyzers. It has an output of over 200 results hourly and 10-minute incubation. The system has a capability of handling even the most demanding workload speedily.


  • AIA-PACK principle.
  • Positive sample and reagent identification.
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection.
  • Sample level sensing.

Operational Simplicity;

  • Enhanced walk away time.
  • Automated maintenance.
  • Full QC package onboard
  • Levey-Jennings charts.
  • Three simple steps.
  • Place the sample, the AIA-PACKs and press START.


  • The entire AIA franchise can use the same reagent system.
  • Stand-alone unit.
  • Connected to Lab Automation.


It goes by the original concept of individual test cups and ready to use lyophilized reagents. It is advisable to use standardized test cups for consistent performance. The measuring process provides;
  • A wide dynamic range.
  • High assay sensitivity.
  • Low sample volumes.
  • Long shelf life.
  • Calibration stability.


  • Saves time.
  • Saves money.
  • No contamination.
  • More traceability.
  • One reagent is enough for all.
The above mentioned are the common types of immunoassay analyzers. The systems are most suitable for laboratories worldwide. Tosoh Immunoassay analyzers are fast, accurate and easy to use.

How Can the Flu Vaccine Benefit Diabetics?

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Flu season occurs between October and May of each year. The peak time of flu season is between November and February. While it is possible for you to get the flu at any time of the year, it is most common during flu season. The flu can make you feel miserable and keep you bedridden for a week or longer. The flu can cause serious symptoms including:
  • A high fever (101 or higher)
  • Extreme fatigue
  • Muscle aches
  • A dry, hacking cough
  • A stuffy or a runny nose
  • A sore throat
The flu can also result in serious complications. In many cases, these complications require you to be hospitalized. The elderly, people with compromised immune systems, and people with certain medical conditions are more at risk of developing flu complications, therefore, they should take the necessary precautions to avoid getting the flu.

Flu Prevention

There are steps that need to be taken if you are going to avoid getting the flu. Not only will this keep you from feeling miserable, it will also prevent flu complications that require that you are hospitalized.
  • Flu vaccine: Your best defense against the flu is the flu vaccine. This is especially true if you are at risk of developing flu complications. The flu vaccine is necessary every year as it loses its effectiveness and the flu strain is different each year.
  • Wash your hands: Washing your hands often is a great way to keep from getting the flu. The flu virus can live on non-pourous surfaces for up to 48 hours and on soft surfaces for up to 15 minutes. During this time, you can easily pick up the flu virus on your hands. If you cannot get to a sink to wash your hand as often as you would like, you should carry a bottle of hand sanitizer with you.
  • Avoid sick people: If you know that the people around you are sick, you should avoid them as much as possible. If you must come into contact with a sick person, you should wash your hands immediately after.

Why Are Flu Shots So Important For Diabetics?

Everyone should get the flu vaccine, however, if you are a diabetic, you are at great risk of developing serious complications. Whether you have type 1 or type 2 diabetes and even if it is well-managed, you are at risk of being hospitalized or even dying as a result of flu complications. There are a few reasons that the flu is so dangerous to a diabetic.
  1. When you are a diabetic, your immune system is always busy fighting your diabetes. This can make it difficult for your body to fight off the flu virus. If your body is unable to fight off the infection, flu-related complications can occur.
  2. If you are a diabetic, it can be difficult for you to keep your sugar at a healthy level. Many diabetics who get sick often cannot keep their sugar level down because the body is fighting off the infection.
  3. When you are sick with the flu, you likely won’t have an appetite. If you don’t eat, it can cause your blood sugar drop to a dangerously low level.
Because the flu can affect your blood sugar and your overall health if you are a diabetic, it is necessary that you get your flu shot at the very beginning of flu season each year. Also, diabetics are at risk of developing pneumococcal pneumonia, therefore, you should get a pneumonia vaccine as well. Getting a flu vaccine every year and taking the necessary precautions to prevent the flu can save your life.

Key Specifications of the Diatron Pictus 500

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The Diatron Pictus 500 is a random-access bench top clinical chemistry system that is completely automated. The system is made up of sophisticated components, user-friendly interface, and an advanced Windows-based software. It also has a full range of controls, calibrators, and reagents. All these elements are fused to establish a durable and reliable platform that realizes analytical excellence at all times. The Diatron Pictus 500 provides for its analyzers a wide range of top-grade clinical chemistry reagents. Unfortunately, this equipment is not commercially available in all countries as of now. Their future availability is also questionable due to regulatory reasons.

Key Features and Benefits

Most features of the Diatron Pictus 500 also double up as its advantages. They include;

On-board Inventory management

The Diatron Pictus 500 achieves inventory control through the following ways;
  • Real-time reagent inventory control
  • Real stat sample capacity
  • Scale system with monitors, alarms, wash and waste
  • Continuous monitoring of sample progress


Diatron Pictus 500 achieves efficiency through the following ways;
  • 5 open channels
  • 72 single reagent positions
  • Internal optional 4-module ISE
  • 95 sample positions
  • First results within 45 seconds
  • Optimized walk away operation

Cost effectiveness

The equipment achieves cost-effective operations through the following ways;
  • Minimal consumable usage
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Consumes little water (up to 2L per hr)
  • Long on-board stability and extended calibration
  • Reusable PMMA reaction cuvettes
  • High throughput for a small footprint

Easy to learn and operate

Here are reasons why Diatron Pictus 500 is considered as simple to learn;
  • It’s flexible for reagent applications
  • Simple to use icons (graphical representation menus)
  • User-friendly interface
  • Intelligent software
  • Operates on common Windows platforms including Windows 10
  • Intuitive result checking and post- dilution
  • Standard Windows calls and messages
  • Innovative features for training and use

Reliable, high-quality operation

The equipment achieves flawless operations through the following ways;
  • Clot detector
  • High-quality components
  • Internal BCR for samples, sectors, and reagents
  • Dust-free photometer with minimal service needs
  • Dillutor, pumps, ISE from suppliers of proven technology
  • Capacitative level sensor
  • Temperature control / pre-heater
  • Unique design variable intensity mixer
  • Multifunctional pipetting arm (with crash detector)

Remote access & diagnostics

The equipment achieves remote access and diagnostics through these features;
  • Remote firmware updates
  • Web-based connection facilitating remote access of the analyzer
  • Performs remote diagnostics to minimize on-site visits

Uninterrupted workflow

The Diatron P500 achieves an optimized workflow through;
  • Reflex testing
  • Pre- and post-dilution
  • Continuous reagent and sample loading
  • Bi-directional LIMS
  • Autocal and auto QC features

Key Specifications

The following are the most significant specifications of the Diatron Pictus 500;
  • Sample volume (µL): 2 – 100
  • Refrigerated reagent tray: 7 – 9 °C
  • Samples on-board capacity: 95
  • Time (in seconds) for the first result: 45
  • Each test takes up to 3 different reagents
  • Weight: 115kg (253lbs)
  • Consumption of water: up to 2L/h
  • Optional direct 4-ISE module
  • Throughput (tests per hour) 300, typical 215, 480 with ISE
  • Reaction volume (µL): 180 to 500
  • Sample Racks/Positions per rack: 5 / 19
  • Clot detection
  • Dimensions in cm: 90 x 66 x 62 (Width x Depth x Height)
  • Crash and collision detection
  • Can use sample types such as plasma, CSF, serum, and urine
  • PMMA reusable/single-use cuvettes on board (in segments of five): 80
  • Reagent pre-heater
  • Box-whisker plots, twin QC, and Levey-Jennings plots
  • Refrigerated on-board single reagents/tests: 72
  • Internal Barcode Reader for reagents, samples, and sectors
  • QC: graphical and statistical; Westgaard rules denoted


The Diatron Pictus 500 provides the following options;
  • Optional stand or cabinet
  • Optional direct 4-ISE module
  • Optional auto fill or drain unit for system wash & waste

What Are the Most Important Products to Include in Home Flu Kits?

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According to CDC, about 5% to 20% of Americans get influenza every year. The flu might be underestimated in many occasions, but it can be fatal at times. The elderly and people with chronic conditions are more likely to succumb to influenza than other individuals. Symptoms of the flu usually appear after a day to about four days of exposure. Symptoms of the flu might include the following;
  • Cough and runny nose
  • Sore throat
  • Muscle aches
  • Headache
  • Fever
Antiviral drugs can help you reduce the impact of the flu within 48 hours of offset if the illness catches you unawares. The drugs may help you shorten the flu’s duration, but it’s advisable for you, to seek medical attention from a qualified physician to ascertain if you really have the flu and nothing but the flu within those 48 hrs.

Essential products that should make your kit

It’s important to stay prepared for the flu to avoid last minute rushes to the store when the flu season is around the corner. You can begin by assembling a simple home care kit as part of your preparation for the flu season. Assembling is an easy task since most of the supplies you will need can be found in your medicine cabinet. Therefore, you don’t always need to shop for a kit if you’re not in a position to buy one. The following products should be drawn together to make your flu kit;
  • Nasal sprays
  • Tissues
  • Painkillers and fever relievers
  • Antibacterial soap
  • Cough syrups and drops
  • Decongestants
  • Fluids
  • Antivirals (such as rimantadine, amantadine, and zanamivir)
  • Thermometer

Using fever relievers/painkillers

Acetaminophen, naproxen, and ibuprofen are the most common painkillers for fever-related headaches or muscle aches and can also double up as fever relief. Professionals advise that you should alternate acetaminophen with either naproxen or ibuprofen throughout the day since all of them perform the same function. It’s also important to seek medical advice from a professional to avoid under dosing yourself like most individuals or even overdosing on painkillers.

Making Use of the Syrups

Two cough syrups are mostly used to treat influenza namely; a suppressant (contains dextromethorphan), and an expectorant (contains guaifenesin). If you want to minimize the soreness in your throat, you can make use of expectorants alongside menthol cough drops. In situations when your cough is dry, and you have no mucus, you can use suppressant cough remedies. If you want to go to bed without coughing, a suppressant cough syrup will come in handy. You should drink eight glasses of water or more and ingest more fluids, especially when using cough syrups. One of the most significant symptoms of influenza is heavy congestion. Hence, decongestion is necessary. Over the counter medicines with pseudoephedrine content can help relieve the congestion. You can also use expectorant cough remedies when you experience chest congestion and are troubled coughing it out

What to remember

Always remember to comply with the maximum dosage of the drug as recommended by the manufacturers. You can consult your doctor if you feel like taking a higher dosage since there’s always an allowance by the manufacturers, but there’s need for approval from the doctor first. You should also check in with your physician if you have chronic conditions including diabetes, heart disease or high blood pressure before taking any flu medication. Professionals warn that giving cold and cough syrups can be dangerous to kids below two years of age. Therefore, you should also seek advice from a pediatrician before you give your kids any flu remedy.

What Is an Automated Immunoassay Analyzer?

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Used in hospitals and other medical settings, an immunoassay analyzer is a piece of equipment designed to run a variety of automated biochemical evaluations. The purpose of this process is to detect the presence of a certain substance in an individual sample and to also determine the concentration. There isn’t one specific test that can be done by this equipment. It is used for a variety of purposes include testing for cancer, diagnosing allergies, confirming the presence of infectious disease and analyzing cardiac markers. A sample can be processed by use of a random sample or it can be done by continuous access sampling. Not all automated immunoassay analyzers are made equally and the needs of a facility should be considered prior to obtaining this equipment. Each model will provide different testing speeds and such.

The Test

When an immunoassay test is completed, a macromolecule will be searched for in a concentrated solution. The molecule that is being sought out is called an analyte which can commonly be a protein. Usually these analytes will be found in a liquid such as urine or blood. There will be the need for a calibrator during the test and this solution will contain the analyte. A comparison is made between the assay and the real sample to determine the outcome.

Different Immunoassays

There are a number of different variations of immunoassays. There are some that run their tests in multiple steps (this is most common) while others can be completed by just mixing together a reagent and a sample to make a distinct measurement. There is also a difference when it comes to detecting the presence of antibodies. Some immunoassays will search for an antibody while others focus more on the antigen at large.


The original immunoassay was created back in the 1950’s by Rosalyn Sussman Yalow and Solomon Berson. Yalow went on to receive the Noble Prize for her immunoassay work in 1977. She was the second woman in the United States to ever receive the aware. It was not until the late 1960’s that this process was used more frequently however. This was because the process itself was improved upon and developed to be much simpler than the first model created. The currently popular immunoassay that utilizes an acridinium ester to make light was created back in 1983 by Professor Anthony Campbell at the Cardiff University. In the year 2012, the immunoassay industry was worth 17,000,000,000. With a variety of different immunoassays being used to date, a variety of labeling techniques are being used as well as well as ways to classify and format information and results. The information from this process is invaluable however, and is assisting many medical professionals all over the world diagnose and properly treat their patients.

When Is the Best Time to Purchase Flu Kits?

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Flu kits are essential to have on hand for all hospitals, clinics, and family physician offices. Knowing the best times to purchase them can ensure you provide your patients with the best care and treatment when they fall ill.

What are the best times to purchase flu kits?

  • Before Flu Season: It is always wise to purchase flu kits before the seasons start. It usually starts around October and sometimes in November. The heaviest and worst of it is in December. These are typically times of year when people are exposed to each other most often due to school years beginning and holiday festivities.
  • Hearing of a Flu Epidemics: As soon as your medical office hears of a possible flu pandemic it is important to stock up on flu kits and make them easily accessible. Being able to have the kits at hand when patients come in can help with quick diagnosing and treatment. People that fall ill with the flu that does not get quick or proper diagnosing because of lack of medical care they could have had easy access to could be potentially fatal.

What kinds of flu kits do medical facilities need?

The kinds of flu kits medical facilities need to have on hand at all times are the rapid influenza diagnostic test and the traditional viral cell culture test. To use the kits properly follow the instructions that are provided to them for accurate results. This will help diagnose the severity of the flu and the type you have, which is either A, B or C.

What are the differences between A, B, and C flu?

Type A: Most common one people get and pass around not only to each other but back and forth from animals to is Type A. Symptoms can range from mild to severe. All it takes is sneezing to cause this type of flu to spread. Treatment is often necessary to help flu suffers feel better. Type B: This form of the flu can become fatal, but thankfully it is only passed between humans. However, it is unlikely to cause epidemics, which Type A does cause. It does need medical diagnosing and treatment immediately to prevent a fatal outcome, which again could occur without proper care. Type C: What is great about this flu is it isn’t severe and it doesn’t spread easily. With that said, it can make a person feel a lack of energy and a little under the weather with very mild flu symptoms. Most importantly and best of all, it tends to go away on its own with plenty of rest, hydrate and a proper diet rich in superfoods.

What are some end thoughts to keep in mind?

Remember, the only way to keep your patients healthy and strong is by providing preventive care before flu season starts with flu shots when necessary and by reminding them to wash their hands frequently. When patients do come in with symptoms of the flu the best way to help them diagnose and treat it fast and with the best treatment possible is with a flu test kit. So, make sure you stock up and keep them on hand.

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