Different Types of Pulmonary Lung Diseases


Types of Pulmonary Lung Diseases

There is a whole list of pulmonary lung diseases affecting today’s population. They all vary in severity though it is common that they can pose jeopardy to the life of an individual. Lately, statistics have indicated a steady increase in the number of individuals that are affected by the various types of pulmonary lung diseases. As such, it is prudent to take precautionary measures that would help you to avoid the disease by all means necessary. Early diagnosis can be very handy as it may help to prevent the disease from developing into dangerous stages. Below are some types of pulmonary lung diseases:


Asthma is a condition characterized by the inflammation and sensitivity of the bronchial tubes. The airways through the bronchioles become irritated by certain substances including:
  • Chemical spray
  • Mold
  • Cigarette smoke
  • Or even air pollution.
Individuals suffering from asthma can also react to allergens including dust and pollen. Asthma can be dangerous as it causes difficulty in breathing. Wheezing, chest tightness and coughing are some of the symptoms that have been reported in patients with asthma.

Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

This is an umbrella term for two lung conditions namely chronic bronchitis and emphysema. It affects the bronchial tubes thereby causing permanent inflammation which in turn leads to the overproduction of mucus. This will eventually lead to difficulty in breathing. When there is excess mucus, the patient tends to have a persistent cough and may be vulnerable to attack by various infections. Emphysema attacks the air sac which means there will be less oxygen getting into the blood stream thus causing symptoms like wheezing and coughing, as well as shortness of breath. The primary cause of chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases is smoking cigarettes.

Lung Cancer

Statistics reveal that lung cancer is the number one killer of all the cancers in the world. Lung cancer is commonly known to be of two types; small cell lung cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Even though they are both dangerous and can easily cause death, small cell lung cancer tends to spread quicker than the non-small cell lung cancer. The main cause of both of the lung cancer types is smoking.

Pulmonary Emboli

These are primarily blood clots that form in some parts of the body. The blood clots travel from those parts of the body then get stuck in the lungs. This sticking causes breathing problems and reduces the flow of oxygen to the circulatory system and can be life threatening if there are large blood clots.

Pulmonary Fibrosis

This is a rare lung condition where the lung tissue scars and becomes stiff over time. Following the scarring and stiffness, the lung is inhibited from its primary function of facilitation gaseous exchange. You can develop pulmonary fibrosis from a number of reasons including chemotherapy for breast cancer in women, some lung infections, as well as autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis. When the cause of the clots is not determined, it is referred to as idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis. Above are some the examples of lung conditions and their causes. It is imperative to note that lung conditions are dangerous and you should always seek medical attention when you notice some of the symptoms mentioned above. In conclusion, take all the precautionary measures you can to avert all the dangers.

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