Flu Shot vs. FluMist for Children

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150202-kohn-vaccine-kids-tease_fmlskq   Influenza (flu) is actually a respiratory infection that is caused by influenza virus. Flu outbreaks always happen each year. Indeed, influenza vaccine is good for anybody who is aged 6 months and older. This will protect you and anybody around you from influenza and the complications associated with it. Here are 2 types of flu vaccines for children.

1. Flu shot

All children who are more than 6 months of age should be given flu shot every year. This vaccine is particularly crucial for kids and teenagers who are at a higher risk for flu complications, including those who:
  • Have diabetes, or any other metabolic disease
  • Are between six (6) months and five (5) years old
  • Have chronic lung or heart disorders (like asthma, cystic fibrosis, and bronchopulmonary dysplasia) serious enough to require regular medical check-up
  • Have chronic kidney illness
  • Have hemoglobin disorder or chronic anemia
  • Have any chronic condition that weakens the immune system, like cancer, HIV, immune deficiencies, or treatment that cause immune suppression
  • Have chronic neurological disorders
  • Are seriously obese
  • Live in Inuit or First Nation communities
  • Live in chronic care facilities
  • Have been taking acetylsalicylic acid (Aspirin or ASA) daily
  • Are pregnant
  • Live with an adult or another child who is at risk of flu complications
For sure, children who are below 5 years of age are at high risk for flu complications, such as convulsions, pneumonia, and high fever. In case you have kids who are below 5 years of age or who have flu complications, then you should ensure that everyone in your home is given a flu shot. This is particularly vital in case you have children below 6 months of age, or you have a family member who is pregnant. Ensure that all pregnant women in your home are immunized. An infant who is born during flu season to a mother who got a flu shot is normally protected against influenza for some few months compared to that of a mother who didn’t receive. Also, the flu shot is highly recommended and safe for all breastfeeding women. This is because infants who are below six (6) months old can`t get the vaccine (flu shot). Therefore, the antibodies against influenza will be transferred through the breast milk.   The following should not get the flu shot.  
  • Babies who are below six (6) months old. The vaccine doesn’t work though isn’t harmful
  • Children who have serious allergies to thimerosal

2. Nasal flu vaccine (FluMist)

This flu vaccine type is given to an individual as a nose spray instead of an injection. All healthy kids who are 2 years of age can be given the nasal flu vaccine. However, in case your kid has a chronic illness or condition, it is important to talk to your physician to determine if the vaccine is appropriate. This vaccine is always given in one or two doses. In case your child is below 9 years old and has been given a particular flu vaccine before, then he or she should receive only one dose. But, if your kid is below 9 years old and has never received any flu vaccine before, then he or she should receive 2 doses, and should be given at least four (4) weeks apart. The following should not receive the nasal flu vaccine.
  • Children who are below 2 years of age
  • And those who have weakened immune system among others

How Do You Know You Have the Flu?

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How Do You Know You Have the Flu?

While many people start to worry about the flu during the flu season, there are a handful of things that you need to be aware of. Not only are there many misconceptions about the flu in and of itself, but there are also a lot of questions that are related to the flu but that do not actually encompass it. When it comes to doing whatever is necessary in order to protect yourself from the flu, you have to take all precautions. However, when you start to experience the following symptoms and issues, then you know you could have the actual flu.


While a very vague description of the flu will not actually tell you if you have it or not officially or scientifically, the first step of knowing if you have the flu or not is to realize if what you do have makes you feel miserable. People with the flu or flu like symptoms don’t just have a single problem or a set of problems. The people who suffer from the flu are actually beat up and feeling achy all over their entire body, both on the inside and on the outside. If you can’t stop from feeling the symptoms and feeling the pain throughout your entire body, the flu could be your culprit.

Specific Symptoms

When you feel things such as muscle aches, tight and hurting joints, and even painful pressure around your eyes then you could have the flu. In addition, you will feel an additional amount weakness and fatigue all over the place, and weakness just staying awake throughout the day could be even more of a general problem to fight off if you have the flu. Throw in the symptoms of having a headache, dry cough, and then a sore throat and a runny nose, and you can see why the general symptoms are such a powerful thing to keep people down. It also makes sense why so many are seeking out things like the flu shot.

False Symptoms

Too many people associate the flu with a high fever, chills, and even vomiting. And while those are all potential signs of the flu, you also need to be aware of the fact that those symptoms could occur in and of themselves, and they could also be in a position where they never present themselves even if you do have the flu. Make sure you don’t rely just on a single indicator and understand the big picture of everything.

Serious Issues

Some of the most important symptoms that you will not only want to be aware of, but that you will need to be extremely cautious of as well are the ones that if they do happen then you should seek immediate medical attention. Things like having trouble breathing or experiencing shortness of breath, having dizziness, confusion, or general disorientation are also major problems. And, if you have chest or belly pain or continue to vomit severely then you should be extremely cautious.

What To Do

When you start to develop any of the systems that are listed previously, you should consider seeking professional medical attention. The only way you can actually confirm whether or not you do in fact have a strain of the flu virus is to be checked by a professional. That is why you need to do whatever it takes to be able to find out what you do have as soon as the symptoms do develop. Once you know completely that you are able to verify if you do have the flu, then you can start the healing process.

What Type of Injection is a Flu Shot?

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How Do Flu Injections Work?

The flu shot, or flu vaccine, can be administered nasally, but is primarily injected. At a basic level, the shot is what’s called an “IM” or “IntraMuscular” injection. An alcohol swab sterilizes your skin, and the needle goes through into your muscle tissue. Injected this way, the inactivated vaccine can more directly encounter your immune system, which facilitates an immune system response. When you get right down to it, a flu shot basically allows your body to “learn” what is necessary to ward off seasonal variations of the influenza virus. It is a principle similar to taking honey sourced locally to help ward off allergic reaction. Allergies happen because your immune system is too reactive. It sees foreign objects like pollen, animal dander, and other allergens as potentially toxic, and so initiates a response to keep your body safe. When you take local honey, it allows your body to get used to inert portions of local allergens so that it’s used to them, and doesn’t have such a violent reaction when such allergens are encountered “naturally”. When it comes to vaccines containing inert antigens, or at the very least damaged/weakened antigens, it’s basically the same principle. The body gets a chance to deal with viral components that aren’t likely to cause full-blown influenza symptoms. To that end, there are multiple flu shots available; such as:
  • Quadrivalent
  • Trivalent

Flu Types Further Explored

A quadrivalent flu vaccine injects multiple antigens into the body, four to be exact. A trivalent vaccine injects three separate antigens. This is because there are more than one kind of influenza virus out there, such as:
  • Influenza Type A
  • Influenza Type B
  • Influenza Type C
Now there are multiple variations in each of these categories. For example, the H1N1 virus, or “Swine Flu”, is Influenza A. The “bird flu” is also influenza type A. A trivalent flu shot may incorporate combinations of type “A”, “B”, and “C” influenza, as well as sub-strains which are seen to be trending. What that means is that you’ll have multiple inert antigens directly injected into your body, and as a result–like when you have an allergic reaction–you will likely experience an immune system response.

When To Get The Flu Vaccine

There are quite a few misconceptions when it comes to flu shots. People think if they get one, they won’t get sick. People are also confused when it seems as though they’ve become sick from the flu shot. Well, these misunderstandings make sense when you get down to the details. See, the influenza vaccine doesn’t provide your body with immunity from flu, it gives your body more information when it comes to encountering the same virus in the “real world”, as it were. Basically it’s the difference between having football pads on, and playing the game without them. If you do take a hit, it won’t be as damaging–but it’s still going to knock you down. Since an inert, or weakened, antigen is required in a vaccine to be effective, your body will feel sick after you’ve had an inoculation like the flu vaccine. Usually it won’t be a feeling of illness that lasts as long, or is as debilitating, because your body is only fighting off an inert or weakened antigen. That said, when you do decide to take a flu shot, you should be in a prime state of health. If you’re already sick, getting a vaccine could stress your immune system unnecessarily, and facilitate more severe infirmity. If you’re going the trivalent or quadrivalent route, you should definitely be in your best health beforehand.

Common Symptoms of the Stomach Flu

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The Ninja Of The Influenza World

The stomach incarnation of influenza comes on like a freight train, and seems to emanate from absolutely nowhere. You’ll be feeling just fine, and then suddenly the gut-bug backhands you into aches, fevers, headaches, chills, and fluid loss from both ends. This is an extremely uncomfortable illness, but the good news is that commonly it only lasts 24 to 72 hours. That said, just as the common cold or traditional influenza leave phlegm residing in your lungs like squatting microbial indigents for several weeks, of stomach flu, expect your bowel movements to be cattywampus for as long as three weeks.

How To Recognize Stomach Bug

When you get the common cold or flu, it is common to feel:
  • Very slightly tired
  • An itch or tickle at the back of your throat
Generally, this means you’ve got the flu and it’s a matter of time before you are knocked into the couch. Taking a shot of apple cider vinegar can actually help decrease the severity of traditional influenza symptoms. You’ll additionally want:
  • Lots of fluid
  • Vitamin-C
  • Other foodstuffs designed to increase your body’s immune system strength
However, with stomach flu, you’ll be just fine until a wave of weariness knocks your feet out from under you and comes on like a hangover. Lights and sounds may begin to give you a headache. Your headache will start to make you nauseous, you’ll get the chills. You’ll get those aches that seem to go right through the bone, and your keenest instinct will be to rest. What’s going on at this stage is your immune system is waging a full-on war against the stomach flu, and collateral damage includes knocking you out of commission. Your body at this time needs all the energy reserves it can handle. So it’s going to make it such that you’re physically unfit to do much more than lie around until the bug has been knocked out of commission. Now, you may not necessarily expurgate out the back or front end. It’s possible that your body will be able to fight off the infection before it progresses so far. It’s more likely, though, that you’re going to get violently ill for a little while. A great way to recognize you’ve acquired stomach flu is cramps. Conventional influenza doesn’t commonly include any cramping or excessive wind.

What To Do If You’ve Got It

Rest in a low-light room with a damp washcloth on your head to ease the headache. Painkillers can help, but they often contain caffeine, which can increase your system’s metabolic rate, leading to increased expurgation. Take these at your own risk. Citrus soft-drinks aren’t all that bad, actually; though they don’t have much health benefit besides taking away the vomit flavor. Sucking on gatorade frozen in an ice-cube tray can gently keep you hydrated while being low-impact enough to make it so you don’t “bring it back up”, as the saying goes. You’re going to get dehydrated, so you need to keep fluids nearby; but a severe enough case of this bug could make it so that your body won’t hold down water. If it gets bad enough, you may require hospitalization–though generally things don’t progress so far.

Avoiding Stomach-bug Contraction

If you are a mother, father, brother or sister in a house where the bug is making rounds, drink a lot of fluid, eat a lot of Vitamin C and zinc, be sure to get plenty of vitamin D, and buff up your own immune system with healthy foods. Immune system strength is the best prevention.

Overview of TOSOH Immunoassay Platforms

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ll   xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx The primary purpose of the automated immunoassay analyzers is to serve the laboratories now and in the future. They are flexible, advanced and compatible with open laboratory automation systems. Tosoh products generate accurate and reliable results, which enhances growth and success. Tosoh is a combination of authentic instruments and exclusive reagents. Therefore, the products produce high quality, precise and accurate clinical diagnostics. AIA and AIA-CL are the two series immunoassays and tools. They both have dedicated assay reagents. AIA instruments use fluorescence kinetics to detect responses. The one cup one test principle is the core. One cup contains all the materials needed for the reaction. Here are some of the Tosoh immunoassay Analyzers;


The technology is based on single test cups each cup contains lyophilized and ready to use reagents. The packs use fluorescent kinetics to measure. The entire process takes place in the test cup that is; sample pipetting, reaction of the antibody and the detection of the signal


  • High assay sensitivity
  • Long shelf life
  • Calibration stability
  • Easy to use
  • Saves time and money
  • 1cup=1 test
  • Cup format that curbs wastage
  • Long permanence of reagents and sub reagents
  • Up to 90 days calibration stability
  • Risk of contamination controlled since there is no transfer of reagents
  • High analytical all assays
  • Functional sensitivity for all assays
  • Proper labeling of all test cups and trays.

Bench top Immunoassay Analyzer

Bench top Immunoassay Analyzer is also referred to as the AIA-360’S. It is suitable for POLs and small hospitals due to its size and affordability. It can additionally be applied as a backup analyzer and specialty tester.


  • AIA-PACK principle
  • Positive classification of samples and reagents
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection
  • Sample level sensing

Operational Simplicity

  • Less than 10 minutes start-up.
  • Limited maintenance.
  • Simple to operate.
  • Place the samples, the AIA-PACKs and press START.


  • One system can be used in the entire AIA franchise.
  • Combined features.

AIA-900 Analyzer

The device has three configurations which allow the practitioners to choose the ideal fit for the laboratory workload. It is the latest Immunoassay analyzer among the Tosohs.


  • AIA-PACK principle.
  • Identification of samples and reagents.
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection.
  • Sample level sensing

Operational Simplicity

  • It starts up in less than 6 minutes.
  • Limited maintenance.


  • Three different configurations.
  • One reagent system can be used across the whole AIA franchise.

AIA-2000 Analyzer

It uses the AIA-Pack format just like the other Tosoh analyzers. It has an output of over 200 results hourly and 10-minute incubation. The system has a capability of handling even the most demanding workload speedily.


  • AIA-PACK principle.
  • Positive sample and reagent identification.
  • Fibrin, sample, clot and air bubble detection.
  • Sample level sensing.

Operational Simplicity;

  • Enhanced walk away time.
  • Automated maintenance.
  • Full QC package onboard
  • Levey-Jennings charts.
  • Three simple steps.
  • Place the sample, the AIA-PACKs and press START.


  • The entire AIA franchise can use the same reagent system.
  • Stand-alone unit.
  • Connected to Lab Automation.


It goes by the original concept of individual test cups and ready to use lyophilized reagents. It is advisable to use standardized test cups for consistent performance. The measuring process provides;
  • A wide dynamic range.
  • High assay sensitivity.
  • Low sample volumes.
  • Long shelf life.
  • Calibration stability.


  • Saves time.
  • Saves money.
  • No contamination.
  • More traceability.
  • One reagent is enough for all.
The above mentioned are the common types of immunoassay analyzers. The systems are most suitable for laboratories worldwide. Tosoh Immunoassay analyzers are fast, accurate and easy to use.

Tosoh 360 Overview

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What is the Tosoh 360?

  • The Tosoh 360 is an automated enzyme immunoassay analyzer that is compact, efficient, reliable, and extremely user friendly. With features like throughput of up to 36 results per hour, random access, and a compactness of 16 inches by 21 inches, the Tosoh 360 is very user friendly.
  • Weighing a mere 61 pounds, the Tosoh 360 is a great option for hospitals, cardiac units, specialty units, and physician office laboratories. You might even consider purchasing the Tosoh 360 as a replacement for larger immunoassay analyzers from Tosoh. But note that the Tosoh 360 is an automated immunoassay analyzer with its own unique set of features.

Features of the Tosoh 360

  • The icon-driven touchscreen is considered intuitively simple to use right out of the box by physicians and lab technicians alike. Sample progress and assay performance can be checked in real time with the Tosoh 360’s assay monitoring. The Tosoh 360 can be linked up with any LIS system, and sample IDs are manually programmable.
  • That comes in handy when you’re analyzing specimens without a barcode. Another wonderful feature of the Tosoh 360 is that you can save as many as 300 assay results thanks to Tosoh 360’s onboard memory. You can get your first result in as little as twenty minutes and print patient results right away so that nobody is kept waiting. That puts your clinic at a competitive advantage.
  • You can also avoid manual worklist entry thanks to Tosoh 360’s barcode sample ID, which provides you with extremely accurate patient identification. The carousel on the Tosoh 360 that holds all of these samples can hold samples from more than two dozen patients at a time. The operator of the Tosoh 360 can load primary and sample cups directly onto the system without any problems.
  • You can add samples at any time during the assay process without interrupting the processing of your samples. The Tosoh 360 comes with easy reagent access too. You can now conveniently access everything from a removable reagent tray and use reagent level sensors to find out which reagents are low. Sometimes waste needs to be removed, and the Tosoh 360’s sensors will enable you to know when it’s time to do that.
  • The unit dose test cup doesn’t require any internal refrigeration. The nice thing about using the Tosoh 360 is that there’s no mixing or measuring requiring prior. The reagents used with the Tosoh 360 also have a shelf life of one year from that date that the reagents were manufactured. With a 90-day calibration curve stability for the vast majority of assays generated with the Tosoh 360, you’re going to wind up saving both time and energy.
  • You’ll also benefit from a complete test menu that runs the gamut from cardiac, tumor, and thyroid through reproductive, metabolic, and anemia. The compact size of the Tosoh 360 coupled with the fact that you’re getting a fully automated device that’s lightweight and easy to use make the Tosoh 360 a must-have device for clinical and lab assays.
  • The average incubation time for most assays is around 10 minutes, and the single unitized cups that the Tosoh 360 uses require no measuring or pre-mixing. That saves a lot of hassle. In addition, the Tosoh 360 can do four tests per sample and has a capacity of 25 samples. As a fluorescence enzyme immunoassay analyzer that’s hard to beat.
  • Reaction time for antigen antibody reactions is ten minutes. The Tosoh 360 runs at 240 volts, 50/60 Hz, and works best with a temperature of 15-30 degrees celsius. The Tosoh 360’s fixed probe with clot detection function is another handy feature.

How Does the Flu Vaccine Relate to Kids With Asthma?

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child-asthma-doctor-130826       xxxxxxxxxxxx The flu happens every year and is a contagious repository illness caused by influenza and can be mild to severe in nature. When you have asthma, it can cause inflammation in your lungs making it extremely hard to breathe and even more so with children. These issues can trigger an extreme asthma attack that could be lethal, and it’s very important how to treat children this time of year. However, looking at this case you could question is there any special precautions to take into consideration when it comes to the types of flu vaccines when it’s in relations to children? The answer is yes, and today we will be going over this in more detail. Let’s get started!

Special Details for Children with Asthma

The Flu shot itself is not harmful for your child; however, DO NOT give your child the nasal spray vaccine as this can trigger a severe asthma attack that may be fatal. The following details are important to take into consideration for your children when the flu season comes around.
  • See your doctor at the start of flu season to get the solution quickly, waiting can make it worse if your child does get the flu without getting vaccinated.
  • Just because your child gets vaccinated once don’t assume they will be safe next year, as the flu viruses change yearly as different strains develop.
If your child has asthma, there is a strong likelihood that they may have allergies, and you should tell your doctor about this to make sure there is no allergy to might be in an active ingredient in the flu vaccine.

How Do I Know If I Have the Flu?

There will be several symptoms that you may have that include:
  • A high fever that is above 100 degrees
  • Headache
  • Extreme tiredness
  • Chills and body stiffness
  • Sore throat
  • Stuffy nose from a cold
  • Constant coughing
  • Diarrhea and or vomiting

Emergency Signs for Children with Asthma

If you see these signs with your children its best to seek immediate help from your doctor or hospital. These symptoms include:
  • Rapid breathing or difficulty breathing
  • Pain in the chest
  • Persistent vomiting
  • Fever with a rash
  • Skin turning blue
Flu season can be hard for all of us, even more so for children with asthma. It’s important that during the start of this flu season to take your children to your family doctor to get the flu vaccine right away to keep the flu away and the dangers it causes to those who have asthma. Remember that the flu vaccine itself is safe, but not the nasal spray vaccine. Do your due diligence to protect your children from harm’s way this 2016 flu season.

Importance of the Flu Shot For Children

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9-Vaccinations-Your-Child-Needs-for-School   The season when flu is reported most is October or November, and when that time comes, everyone has a reason to worry. Not only are you at risk, but also your children who are even in a worse position since they’re more vulnerable. When your child has been given the shot, it will take about two weeks for the vaccine to start taking effect in their bodies. This is the reason you must ensure they get the shot in good time to avoid unwanted eventualities.

What is a flu shot?

  Many people who have received a flu shot have little or no idea of whatever they are getting themselves into. Basically, a flu shot, just as the other vaccines is made by using an influenza virus that has been weakened or is dead and therefore has no ability to cause harm to the person who will be getting the shot. However, there are isolated cases where a vaccine has caused a disease. These cases are rare, and there are little chances that this can actually happen. Many people have doubted the efficiency of the flu shot despite it being used widely to prevent the flu virus from reaching a person. You will hear others associating it with autism or may cause an allergic reaction. However, just as mentioned, those are just hearsays, and there is no evidence to support the same. Scientists have researched and accepted that the flu shot is excellent can be used for children and everyone else.

How important is yearly vaccination?

  The influenza virus often changes seasonally. So you don’t expect that the one present in the last season would be the one that would attack in the current season. As such, yearly vaccination is the best thing you could ever do your kids in regards to preventing them from flu virus attack. Research has revealed that as time progresses, the resistance to the virus by humans keeps diminishing and that further cements the support for yearly vaccination.

What are the benefits of the flu shot?

  • Alleviates the risk of endemics   Influenza is a very contagious infection especially while in its early stages. Your child can be infected now but does not show symptoms for some time. During this period, your child spread the virus to other children in school or wherever they will be playing. Within a short period, many of the neighbor’s children shall have contracted the disease. However, if you give your child a flu shot, then they will not be the ones to spread the infection to other children.   • Significantly reduces the deaths associated with flu    Your kids are worse placed when they get an infection as compared to you or their older siblings. When the virus attacks them, they are up to 80% likely to succumb the infection. It is even worse if your child had an existing medical condition. So to avoid all these mishaps, it is best to let your child have a flu shot.   • Protects your child against other grave health complications   Children like playing together in crowds especially while they are at school. If for instance, there was another kid in school who is infected then the chances are that they will infect your child with the virus too. Children belong to the high-risk group of individuals who are most vulnerable to attacks by this virus. To mitigate the chances of your child acquiring this disease then you’ll have to let them get the shot. That’s the surest way to ensure they remain healthy in such places.

Ear Infection and the Flu

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ear-infection-II xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx The flu can hit your home fast and hard with symptoms such as a high fever, severe body aches, chills, runny nose, sore throat, cough, vomiting and much more. Unlike other bacterial and viral illnesses, the flu can linger for a number of days and sometimes even weeks in the most severe cases. Staying in bed, staying hydrated and getting better are key points to getting better but for some people, secondary infections can occur as a result of the flu. Pneumonia is a big culprit, especially in the elderly population and ear infections are very common among children and young adults.  

What Is It?

An ear infection occurs in the middle ear area and can be bacterial or viral in nature. When it comes after a flu it can be caused by the virus itself or by bacteria that has grown because of fluid buildup in this area during the height of flu symptoms. Typically the most common symptoms associated with an ear infection is pain in the affected ear or ears, discharge from the ear, a plugged feeling in the ear or dizziness. An ear infection can sometimes go away on its own but really shouldn’t be ignored as it can lead to complications like hearing loss if left untreated.

How Is It Treated?

If an ear infection has stemmed from the flu the ear infection itself can be treated. The influenza virus is viral in nature so an antibiotic isn’t going to work for that. However, if the ear infection is bacterial-based then an antibiotic can help. There are also a number of ear drops that can be administered directly in the ear canal to help alleviate pain, pressure and infection.

How Can You Tell Them Apart?

Pretty different in nature, ear infections will showcase symptoms that are pretty specific to the inner ear region. Unless the infection has spread you won’t feel the full body aches and symptoms that you feel with a flu virus. The flu can really knock a person off of their feet for an extended length of time and usually the person will be bed ridden for a number of days. While an ear infection can be a complete nuisance, you can usually function to some degree with it.

Home Remedies

If you are sick at home, or one of your children is sick and this prevents you from being able to get to the doctor immediately there are some ways you can cope with an ear infection at home. Of course rest is beneficial but when you lay down, have the affected ear upwards in the air if you are sleeping on your side. This can help your ear drain rather than have the fluid building up and symptoms becoming worse. You can apply warm and moist heat to the area around the ear as well as on top of the ear by way of a washcloth or a heating pack. Be careful not to use too hot of a temperature as you can burn yourself on this sensitive area. There are also over the counter ear drops that may help alleviate pain a bit and help you get through a few days where you can then be seen by your doctor. Hot showers provide heat and steam to loosen fluid and flush the area out. In order to prevent the flu as well as secondary infections such as an ear infection, the flu vaccine can be administered prior to the start of flu season. Depending on where you live, this could be as early as September or October. The flu vaccine is not one hundred percent effective against protecting against the flu but it can help create a pretty good barrier against illness along with proper rest, diet and exercise.

Characteristics of Seasonal Flu

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8k39fftq-1416327409 xxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxxx Flu is a dangerous infection caused by the flu virus. Most viruses can scarcely cause an illness that is comparable to flu. The seasonal flu virus usually is most prevalent during the cold season. When it attacks you, you are likely to recover after a short time. However, you complications such as pneumonia can develop due to the attack by this virus. In bad cases, people lose their lives due to complications stemming from this disease. The good thing is that there exists a flu jab that is administered to keep you away from the virus when the season that it is most prevalent sets in. Flu occurs in three types; type A, B, and C. when the winter season sets in, each virus causes an outbreak of flu which affects a large population.

Symptoms of the Flu

Common flu symptoms include the following:
  • Headache
  • Sore throat
  • Sneezing
  • Feeling sick or nausea
  • Muscle aches and pains
  • Sweats
  • Fever
The influenza virus causes illnesses that are worse than those caused by other viruses which cause a flu-like illness. In some instances, the flu can make you feel sick enough to go to bed. In babies and young children, the most common fly symptoms include difficulty in breathing, sore throat, sweats, sneezing, lethargy as well as poor feeding. In some children with fever, there can be a case of febrile convulsion. Usually, when the seasonal flu virus attacks you, you start by experiencing mild symptoms of the illness then the symptoms start being severe after one to two days of infection. After that, they gradually diminish in severity over the following several days. However, you may experience an irritating cough for about a week after the disappearance of some symptoms. Even as the symptoms may take long to ease up, most individuals will feel fine after two to seven days.

How To Treat the Flu

In normal circumstances, your immune system should be able to do away with the virus after a short period of suffering. What treatment does is to ease the various symptoms until the infection is done away with. As well, the aim of treatment is to prevent complications brought about by the flu virus. When you have contracted the virus, the prudent thing to do is stay at home and prevent passing on the virus to healthy individuals that you may interact with. To ease your fever and pain and aches, paracetamol is handy. To prevent lack of fluid in the abdomens, you will have to embark on an intake of plenty of fluids. Throat lozenges, decongestant drops as well as saline nasal drops are also handy in easing nose and throat symptoms.

Prevention of the Seasonal Flu Virus

Prevention is definitely better than cure. In this respect, it is better to focus on precluding the disease. There are many ways of preventing it including the following:
  • Exclude individuals with the flu from preschool, childcare, work, and school until it is confirmed that there is no fever for 24 hours.
  • Ensure you wash your hands thoroughly after coughing or sneezing. Use clean water and an alcohol-based hand rub for this purpose.
  • Thoroughly clean all the frequently touched surfaces using a detergent a dump piece of cloth
  • Whenever you a cough or sneeze, see to it that you cover your mouth and nose with a tissue and not with your bare hand.
The above are some of the characteristics of seasonal flu virus that you need to take note of to be able to know how to handle it should it strike.